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Tuesday, June 9, 2015

Children's Health: Anesthesia in young children linked to effects on IQ, brain structure ♦ Psychotropic medication use in children,with Down syndrome ♦ Ultrasound, algorithms to diagnose bacterial meningitis in babies

Children with TBI have poorer sleep quality, more daytime sleepiness Children with traumatic brain injuries have poorer sleep and more daytime sleepiness in comparison to healthy children. The children with TBI also had impaired emotional, physical and social functioning.
Study examines psychotropic medication use in children, teens with Down syndrome A new study gives insight into the mental health of children and teens with Down syndrome and the behavioral medications that medical caregivers sometimes prescribe for them.
Data scientists find connections between birth month and health Scientists have developed a computational method to investigate the relationship between birth month and disease risk. The researchers used this algorithm to examine New York City medical databases and found 55 diseases that correlated with the season of birth. Overall, the study indicated people born in May had the lowest disease risk, and those born in October the highest.
Ultrasound, algorithms to diagnose bacterial meningitis in babies Currently the only test to diagnose bacterial meningitis in babies is through a lumbar puncture, a painful and difficult procedure to perform. For this reason, a group of biomedical engineers decided to search for an alternative and developed a portable device that can detect this illness with a simple ultrasound scan of the fontanelle. The high-resolution image obtained is then analyzed with algorithms and within seconds indicates if there is cellularity in the cerebrospinal fluid that is sign of infection.
Surgical anesthesia in young children linked to effects on IQ, brain structure Children who received general anesthesia for surgery before age 4 had diminished language comprehension, lower IQ and decreased gray matter density in posterior regions of their brain. The authors of the study recommend additional studies to determine anesthesia precise molecular effects on the brain and contribution to diminished brain function and compositio

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