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Friday, February 14, 2014

2/15/14 Health News: Obesity Starts in Early Childhood - Silver Nanoparticles May block HIV Transmission - Medical Homes Cut ER Visits,

Obesity Is Found to Gain Its Hold in Earliest Years
For many obese adults, the die was cast by the time they were 5 years old. A major new study of more than 7,000 children has found that a third of children who were overweight in kindergarten were obese by eighth grade. And almost every child who was very obese remained that way. Some obese or overweight kindergartners lost their excess weight, and some children of normal weight got fat over the years. But every year, the chances that a child would slide into or out of being overweight or obese diminished. By age 11, there were few additional changes: Those who were obese or overweight stayed that way, and those whose weight was normal did not become fat.Continue Reading

New Cream With Silver Nanoparticles Could Block HIV Transmission
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, more than 1.1 million people in the US are infected with human immunodeficiency virus. But new research has detailed the creation of a cream that has proved effective against transmission of the infection in laboratory tests. Previous research from the University of Texas, in collaboration with the University of Monterrey in Mexico, found that silver nanoparticles may be able to stop transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Now, the research team has used the findings to create a vaginal cream that can block HIV transmission.Continue Reading

Medical Homes Cut Unnecessary ER Use Dramatically
The use of medical homes with a low-income population in California dramatically reduced unnecessary hospital emergency room visits, California HealthLine reported. According to data compiled by researchers at the University of California at Los Angeles, low-income residents who enrolled and remained in medical homes were half as likely as those not in medical homes to use the ER for care that did not lead to a hospitalization. Continue Reading

Shortage of Saline Causes Hospitals, Dialysis Centers to Scramble to Manage Supply

A shortage of intravenous saline is causing hospitals and dialysis centers to scramble to manage their supplies of one of the most commonly used drugs. Healthcare providers are asking doctors and staff to use smaller IV bags and find alternatives, if possible, to cope with the shortage, officials and executives said. Officials have not yet heard of any facilities running out of the solutions, “but we know that hospitals are still reporting that they may only have a few days supply,” said Valerie Jensen Continue Reading

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