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Thursday, June 12, 2014

6/12/14 Health News: Artificial Pancreas ♦ Thermometer Made From Light ♦ Measles Cases in USA Hit 20-year High ♦ 1 in 4 Smokers With Gene Defect Get Lung Cancer

1 in 4 Smokers With Gene Defect May Get Lung Cancer
Study finds smokers with gene normally linked to breast cancer appear to have a much higher risk of lung cancer. Up to one in four smokers with a particular genetic defect will develop lung cancer, researchers report. "Smokers in general have nearly a 15 percent chance of developing lung cancer, far higher than in nonsmokers.molecular and population genetics at the Institute of Cancer Research in the United Kingdom.Continue Reading
Fully Automated Artificial Pancreas Finally Within Reach
Even with increasingly effective treatments and glucose monitors, most individuals with type 1 diabetes still cannot achieve recommended glucose control goals. Many experts believe that the best near-term solution for patients will be a system that can independently restore insulin and glucose balance. “Artificial pancreas systems will be the most revolutionary advance in diabetes care since the discovery of insulin,” said Aaron Kowalski, PhD, a vice president at the Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation, a global organization that funds type 1 diabetes research. Continue Reading
World's Best Thermometer Made From Light
Univ. of Adelaide physicists have produced the world's most sensitive thermometer — three times more precise than the best thermometers in existence. Published in the journal Physical Review Letters, the researchers from the university's Institute for Photonics and Advanced Sensing (IPAS) report they have been able to measure temperature with a precision of 30 billionths of a degree. "We believe this is the best measurement ever made of temperature − at room temperature," says project leader Prof. Andre Luiten, Chair of Experimental Physics in IPAS and the School of Chemistry and Physics, pointing out that it is possible to make more sensitive measurements of temperature in cryogenic environments near absolute zero. Continue Reading

CDC: Measles Cases in USA Hit 20-year High

The USA has the most measles cases in 20 years and the most since homegrown outbreaks were eliminated in 2000, the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention announced. The confirmed case count for 2014, as of May 23, was 288 and growing, the CDC says. The nationwide total is the highest for late May since 1994, when 764 cases were reported, the CDC says. It surpasses the 220 cases reported in all of 2011, which was the most in the post-2000 era. "This is not the kind of record we want to break, but should be a wake-up call for travelers and for parents to make sure vaccination records are up to date,"  Schuchat, who spoke during a telephone news conference, said this year's outbreaks are occurring among unvaccinated clusters of people exposed to travelers bringing the measles virus back from other countries — most notably the Philippines, where a large outbreak began in October 2013.Continue  Reading

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