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Friday, January 16, 2015

Patients being injected with simulated IV

FDA and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) are continuing to investigate multiple instances of Wallcur’s simulated intravenous (IV) saline products being administered to patients. These products are not sterile and should not be injected in humans or animals.
Wallcur’s simulated IV saline solution, Practi-0.9% sodium chloride solution, was shipped to medical clinics, surgical centers, and urgent care facilities in numerous states.
So far, more than 40 patients have received infusions of the simulated saline products, and there have been many adverse events associated with these incidents including fever, chills, tremors and headache. Some patients were hospitalized, and there is one death associated with the use of these products; it is not known if this death is directly related to the use of the product. Adverse events have been reported in seven states: Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Louisiana, North Carolina, New York, and Colorado.
FDA, in partnership with CDC, has collected samples of Wallcur Practi 0.9% Sodium Chloride from clinics and distributors. These products are being tested to learn if the products may have caused the adverse events in patients.
Wallcur initiated a voluntary recall of Practi-0.9% sodium chloride IV solutions. Most medical facilities reported that they were unaware that the IV solution bags were simulation products. At least one clinic recognized the Wallcur product was a simulation product upon receipt, and returned it to the distributor.
FDA is working with distributors who sold the simulated IV products and clinics that purchased and administered the simulated IV products from Wallcur to determine how these simulation IV solution products entered the supply chain and subsequently were administered to patients.
While Sodium Chloride 0.9% Injection (IV normal saline) has been in tight supply, FDA has been working with manufacturers to increase supply. In addition, FDA is not objecting to the temporary  distribution of additional IV normal saline from alternate sources Fresenius Kabi USA, Baxter Healthcare Corp., and B. Braun Medical Inc.Currently, there is supply available from several manufacturers as posted on FDA’s website.
Healthcare Providers
Clinicians and office staff are encouraged to take steps to ensure IV solution simulation products are removed from office inventory to eliminate the possible injection of Wallcur simulated products into patients.
  • Visually inspect all current IV saline solution bags. Ensure none of the bags are labeled “Wallcur,” “Practi-products,” “For clinical simulation,” or “Not for use in human or animal patients.”
  • If you have products labeled with any of these words, or you suspect you may have received other products intended for training purposes, separate simulation products from existing inventory and contact your distributor for directions on how to return these products.
  • If you have received Wallcur Practi-products by mistake, please contact the distributor, or Wallcur, LLC of San Diego for return instructions.
  • Consider reviewing your office procedures and make sure there are procedures in place to visually inspect all future shipments of normal saline products to ensure they are for clinical use.
If you suspect that any Wallcur training IV products may have been administered to a patient, whether or not the incident has resulted in an adverse event:
  • Evaluate all potentially exposed patients with new, or ongoing symptoms;
  • Use appropriate treatment;
  • Report suspected cases to the state health department; and
  • Report any adverse events following use of these products to FDA’s MedWatch program online or at 1-800-332-1088.
  • Patients who believe they received an injection of Wallcur simulated IV solution should contact their healthcare provider.
  • Patients who received simulated IV saline almost immediately upon injection experienced fever, chills, muscle aches, headaches, and some required hospitalization. In most reported cases, these signs and symptoms were immediately recognized and patients received appropriate medical attention.
  • You may also file a report of the incident through FDA’s MedWatch program, and assist the FDA with this ongoing investigation.
  • If you know you will be receiving normal saline, ask your doctor or nurse to visually inspect the bag, and ensure they are using normal saline for human use. Ensure the bag is not labeled or printed with any of the following: “Wallcur,” “Practi-products,” “For clinical simulation” or “Not for use in human or animal patients.” If the saline bag contains any of these words, ask your healthcare provider NOT to administer the solution.
FDA warns health care professionals not to inject patients with IV solutions from Wallcur, of San Diego
[12/30/14] The U.S. Food and Drug Administration is alerting healthcare professionals not to use Wallcur, LLC, simulated intravenous (IV) products in human or animal patients. These products are for training purposes only.
Before administering IV solutions to patients, healthcare providers should carefully check the labels to ensure that the products are not training products, such as Practi IV Solution Bags marketed by Wallcur. Wallcur’s training products, which may bear the words “for clinical simulation,” are not to be administered to patients.
IV bag closeup
FDA has become aware that some Wallcur training IV products have been distributed to health care facilities and administered to patients. There have been reports of serious adverse events associated with the use of certain of these products – i.e., Practi IV Solutioention to inform health care professionals and state health departments.

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