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Tuesday, June 16, 2015

Brain Research: Scientists grow multiple brain structures ♦ Synthesize potential brain-protecting compound ♦ Scientists find genetic basis of brain networks

Scientists find genetic basis of brain networks seen in imaging studies Synchronized physiological interactions between remote brain regions have genetic underpinnings, a new study has found. The identification of functional-connectivity-associated genes sets the stage for targeted clinical applications, such as finding out how neurodegeneration propagates within a network.
Scientists grow multiple brain structures and make connections between them Human stem cells can be differentiated to produce other cell types, such as organ cells, skin cells, or brain cells. While organ cells, for example, can function in isolation, brain cells require synapses, or connectors, between cells and between regions of the brain. Researchers now report successfully growing multiple brain structures and forming connections between them in vitro, in a single culture vessel, for the first time
Chemists find efficient, scalable way to synthesize potential brain-protecting compound Chemists have invented the first practical, scalable method for synthesizing jiadifenolide, a plant-derived molecule that may have powerful brain-protecting properties.
A surprising finding that challenges current anatomy and histology textbook knowledge has been released by researchers: Lymphatic vessels are found in the central nervous system where they were not known to exist. Researchers discovered the meningeal linings of brain have a lymphatic vessel network that has direct connections to the systemic lymphatic network elsewhere in the body.

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