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Wednesday, July 22, 2015

Cardiovascular Research: Blood vessels can actually get better with age ♦ Inflammatory link discovered between arthritis, heart valve disease ♦ Lower risk treatment for blood clots

Lower risk treatment for blood clots 'empowers' patients, improves care Emergency department researchers at the Indiana University School of Medicine found positive results and cost savings from treating patients with potentially fatal blood clots with rivaroxaban versus heparin and warfarin.
Inflammatory link discovered between arthritis, heart valve disease Researchers have used models to identify a potential link between excess production of inflammatory proteins that cause rheumatoid arthritis and the development of heart valve disease. The research team discovered that a critical inflammatory protein involved in rheumatoid arthritis could also lead to inflammation and disease of the heart valves, including aneurysms. The research could lead to improved treatments for rheumatoid arthritis, and suggests investigating existing medicines that dampen inflammation to treat heart valve diseases, such as rheumatic heart disease
Blood vessels can actually get better with age Oxidative stress has been linked to cardiovascular and neurodegenerative diseases including diabetes, hypertension and age-related cancers. However, researchers recently found that aging actually offered significant protection against oxidative stress. These findings suggest that aging may trigger an adaptive response to counteract the effects of oxidative stress on blood vessels.
The earlier the better: bystanders save lives with CPR for cardiac arrest Sudden cardiac arrest kills an estimated 200,000 people a year in the United States, but many of those lives could be saved if ordinary bystanders simply performed CPR, a new study shows. The early application of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) by an average person nearby, combined with defibrillation by firefighters or police before the arrival of emergency medical services (EMS), was the one intervention that substantially increased survival from cardiac arrest, according to new findings.

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