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Sunday, May 17, 2015

Health Research: Electrical stimulation promotes healing ♦ Soft-tissue engineering for hard-working cartilage ♦ Breakthrough opens door to safer lupus drugs

Breakthrough opens door to safer lupus drugs A ground-breaking discovery could revolutionize treatments given to lupus sufferers, saving thousands of people each year from serious illness or death caused by secondary infections
Bid for bandages to enter the electronic age: Electrical stimulation promotes healing The most detailed study to date showing how electrical stimulation accelerates wound healing has now been carried out.
Geneticists clock genetic differences between 'larks' and 'night owls' Geneticists have for the first time identified the genetic clues behind what makes you a 'lark' or an 'owl'. Based on analysis of a fruit fly, the scientists have discovered nearly 80 genes associated with 'morningness' and 'eveningness'
Soft-tissue engineering for hard-working cartilage A study points the way toward wider, more effective use of biocompatible materials in repairing human tissues. Focusing on the difficult case of restoring cartilage, which requires both flexibility and mechanical strength, the researchers investigated a new combination of 3-D printed microfiber scaffolding and hydrogels. They expect the new approach to have an impact on other areas of soft-tissue engineering research, including breast reconstruction and heart tissue engineering.
Epilepsy has been found to reduce the generation of new neurons The mission of neural stem cells located in the hippocampus, one of the main regions of the brain, is to generate new neurons during the adult life of mammals, and their function is to participate in certain types of learning and responses to anxiety and stress. New research has discovered that hippocampal neural stem cells in the case of epilepsy stop generating new neurons and are turned into reactive astrocytes, a cell type that promotes inflammation and alters communication between neurons. Now the researchers are exploring the potential of neural stem cells in future therapies to fight the disease.

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