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Saturday, July 4, 2015

Children's Health: Cause of acute liver failure in young children ♦ REM sleep critical for young brain development ♦ Repeated courses of antibiotics may profoundly alter children's development

Repeated courses of antibiotics may profoundly alter children's development A new animal study adds to growing evidence that multiple courses of commonly used antibiotics may have a significant impact on children's development. Female mice treated with two classes of widely used childhood antibiotics, including amoxicillin, gained more weight and developed larger bones than untreated mice. Both of the antibiotics also disrupted the gut microbiome, the trillions of microbes that inhabit the intestinal tract.
Rapid response to kids' stroke symptoms may speed diagnosis A rapid response plan for children at a hospital quickly identified stroke and other neurological problems. One in four children with stroke-like symptoms were diagnosed with stroke and 14 percent were diagnosed with other neurological emergency conditions.
Cause of acute liver failure in young children discovered Acute liver failure is a rare yet life-threatening disease for young children. It often occurs extremely rapidly, for example, when a child has a fever. Yet in around 50 percent of cases it is unclear as to why this happens. Now, researchers working on an international research project have discovered a link between the disease and mutations in a specific gene.
REM sleep critical for young brain development; medication interferes Rapid eye movement or REM sleep actively converts waking experiences into lasting memories and abilities in young brains, reports a new study. The finding broadens the understanding of children's sleep needs and calls into question the increasing use of REM-disrupting medications such as stimulants and antidepressants.

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