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Thursday, May 14, 2015

Cancer Research: How cancer tricks the lymphatic system ♦ Individualized cancer immunotherapy ♦ Food dye, near infrared light can aid in breast resection

How cancer tricks the lymphatic system into spreading tumours Swollen lymph nodes are often the earliest sign of metastatic spread of cancer cells. Now cancer researchers and immunologists have discovered how cancer cells can infiltrate the lymphatic system by ‘disguising’ themselves as white blood cells.
Food dye, near infrared light can aid in breast resection Roughly 1 in 4 women having breast conserving surgery return to the surgical suite for further resection because of cancerous tissue left behind due to unclear margins. A research team focuses on coming up with a practical solution that both preserves the surgical practice of inking the margins of breast cancer tumors, and allows quality imaging post-inking.
Survival from rare bone cancer remains low Ten-year survival of a rare malignancy called mesenchymal chondrosarcoma has been reported to be as low as 20 percent. But a new study has found survival is not as dismal as prior reports. More than half (51 percent) of patients survived at least five years, and 43 percent survived at least 10 years.
Inconsistent Medicaid expansion would widen disparities in screenings for women's cancers Researchers recently conducted a study that found low-income and uninsured women in states that are not expanding their Affordable Care Act Medicaid coverage are less likely to receive breast and cervical cancer screenings.
Significant progress made towards individualized cancer immunotherapy Significant advances have been made with regard to the development of individualized immunotherapy strategies for treating cancer. They have managed to identify the relevant genetic changes or mutations associated with various types of cancer and have determined their individual blueprints. This makes it possible for the scientists to readily produce customized cancer vaccines

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