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Wednesday, July 15, 2015

Children's Health: Baby's first stool can alert doctors to future cognitive issues ♦ Brain study reveals insights into genetic basis of autism ♦ Why kids' recovery times vary widely after brain injury

Baby's first stool can alert doctors to future cognitive issues  A newborn's first stool can signal the child may struggle with persistent cognitive problems. In particular, high levels of fatty acid ethyl esters found in the meconium (a newborn's first stool) from a mother's alcohol use during pregnancy can alert doctors that a child is at risk for problems with intelligence and reasoning.
Plump cartoon characters provoke indulgent eating in kids Children consume more low-nutrition, high-calorie food such as cookies and candy after observing seemingly overweight cartoon characters.
Brain study reveals insights into genetic basis of autism A link between autism and genetic changes in some segments of DNA that are responsible for switching on genes in the brain has been uncovered by researchers. The human brain that identified more than 100 of these DNA segments, known as enhancers, which are thought to play a vital role in normal development by controlling gene activity in the brain.
Why kids' recovery times vary widely after brain injury Why do some youngsters bounce back quickly from a traumatic brain injury, while others suffer for years? New research suggests that damage to the coating around the brain's nerve fibers may explain the difference. The finding identifies possible biomarkers that physicians could use to predict high-risk patients.
Kids expecting aggression from others become aggressive themselves Hypervigilance to hostility in others triggers aggressive behavior in children, says a new study. The four-year longitudinal study, the largest of its kind involving 1,299 children and their parents, finds the pattern holds true in 12 different cultural groups from nine different counties across the globe.

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