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Thursday, May 7, 2015

Children's Health: Blood markers predict outcome of infant heart surgery ♦ Plant toxin causes biliary atresia in animal model ♦ changes to childcare 'mandatory' sleep rules in daycare

Parents often misperceive their obese children as 'about the right weight' Although rates of childhood obesity have risen over the last several decades, a vast majority of parents perceive their kids as “about the right weight”. The authors believe it is the first study to examine the lack of change over time of parents’ perception of their preschool child’s weight.
Using fresh whole blood lowers children's' donor exposure risk in heart surgery Children who undergo heart surgery are better off receiving fresh whole blood transfusions from a single donor, rather than receiving component blood from multiple donors. Limiting donor exposures reduces the patient's' risk of complications.
Blood markers could help predict outcome of infant heart surgery It may be possible to predict an infant's progress following surgery for congenital heart disease by analysing a number of important small molecules in the blood.
New study calls for changes to childcare 'mandatory' sleep rules in daycare Findings from a new study have put to bed the idea of mandatory sleep times in licensed child care settings. The study found that children who were exposed to more than 60 minutes mandatory sleep at childcare slept worse at night which continued when they started school.
Plant toxin causes biliary atresia in animal model A new study is a classic example of how seemingly unlikely collaborators can come together to make surprising discoveries. An international team of gastroenterologists, pediatricians, natural products chemists, and veterinarians, working with zebrafish models and mouse cell cultures have discovered that a chemical found in Australian plants provides insights into the cause of a rare and debilitating disorder affecting newborns called biliary atresia, is the most common indication for a liver transplant in children.

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